SIGNAL TO NOISE RATIO (S/NR)
12) depicts a classroom setting in which the instructors voice signal
is determined to be approximately 65 dBA at a distance of 3 feet from
the teacher. The background noise level is 45 dBA and assumed to be fairly
constant through out the room. The Inverse Square Law teaches us that
the sound level of the instructors voice signal will be 59 dBA at a 6-foot
distance, 53 dBA at a 12-foot distance and 47 dBA at a 24-foot distance.
A good Signal to Noise Ratio should be not less than +15 dB, that is to say the signal strength should be at least 15 decibels above the background noise level in order to achieve good Speech Intelligibility by the listener. From (Figure 12) it can be seen that beyond a 12-foot distance from the instructor the S/NR is far below what it should be.
In a typical classroom the ambient or background noise level in the unoccupied classroom should not exceed 35 dBA with the HVAC system running.